Scientists were able to decode the genome sequences of tigers, snow leopards and lions.
Interestingly, it turned out that the DNA of tigers and domestic cats coincided in 95.6%.
The separation of the evolutionary line into these two species took place approximately 10.8 million years ago.
Sequencing the genome of the felids also revealed the genes that make large felids so large and muscular, the gene responsible for carnivorousness, and two genes that allow snow leopards to adapt to life in high mountains and low oxygen levels in the air.
Mapping the genomes of individuals from different populations is also intended to help in the proper selection of individuals to rebuild the population of dying felines, avoiding inbreeding and reproducing too closely related individuals.
The research results were published on September 17 this year in the journal Nature Communications.