It must be said in advance that not every golden hamster behaves the same. The animals have their own idiosyncrasies, also with regard to body language. So the behavior of hamsters cannot always be clearly determined. Cleaning, for example, can occur both as a skip action due to stress and as a relaxation signal. It is important for keepers that they gradually recognize what the body language of their hamster reveals about their condition.
Hamsters dress up extensively
As mentioned, extensive cleaning can be both a sign of insecurity and an indication of relaxation and balance. If you find that your golden hamster is cleaning itself after being scared or having to cope with a change (for example after cleaning the cage), it will probably be "stress cleaning" or "fear cleaning". If your rodent cleans himself after getting up or in between without being stressed, it can be normal comfort behavior.
Hamster presses to the floor and sneaks around
This hamster behavior is typical when the animals are in a new environment and are exploring them. The new environment doesn't have to be entirely new, it can also be a freshly cleaned hamster cage. Your hamster is probably afraid or unsure while exploring the situation.
Hamsters stand on their hind legs and raise their ears
A classic form of hamster body language that occurs when the animals are listening. Your Puschel has noticed something and is now concentrating on the sound in this position. In this way, hamsters also secure the area.
Hamster inflates cheek pouches and stretches
If you can observe this type of body language, it is probably a threatening gesture. Your golden hamster feels attacked, possibly even by you. He is upset and maybe ready for an attack or bite. Be sure to leave him alone.
Hamster burrows in the litter, takes a sand bath and cleans itself
A good sign - your hamster is comfortable. If he enjoys bathing in the cage litter or in the sand and then brushes himself a little, he is balanced and relaxed. He does not pay attention to dangers in these moments, feels safe and enjoys his hamster life.
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Hamster rubs against the cage objects
Hamsters have glands on their flanks that they use to mark objects. They often rub their flanks against the objects in their cage when they are ready to mate or when the hamster cage has just been cleaned.
Hamster stretches and opens its mouth
You golden hamster yawns. Like us humans, this can be a sign of relaxation or simply of tiredness. Often the rodents also stretch on the cage grid while yawning, stretching their paws forward. Caution: If the stretching is missing while opening the mouth at the same time, it could be an attack signal.